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Acute Mountain Sickness

High Altitude Sickness

Acute Mountain Sickness Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS) is normally suitable for young men as they like to trek and racing in mountain. Altitude Sickness Symptoms starts at an altitude of 10,000 Feet above to some people. There are various levels of altitude like 8,000 to 13,000 feet is high, 13,000 to 18,000 feet is very high and 18,000 feet (5,500 meters) is Extremely High. It becomes more as the elevation becomes higher. Normally 75% of the people will suffer mild symptoms. The intake oxygen level decreases because of that the breathing problems starts. Leh is situated 11,500 feet above sea level so various safety measures should be taken. First wait for the body to get acclimatize for about 36 hours. Any symptoms then consult a doctor. There are many causes of High Altitude Sickness which are given below.

Causes of Altitude Sickness

The causes of Altitude Sickness are due to condensed air pressure and lesser oxygen levels at high altitudes. Those who climb faster at a high altitude they are surely going to experience Acute Mountain Sickness. There may be swelling in the body gets due to amplified blood flow to the brain or leakage of the blood vessels in the brain.

Acclimatization to Altitude

There are various tips for acclimatization to altitude which helps you to get adapted.
1. Be hydrated and hydration levels in your body should be proper.
2. Don't sleep at high altitudes
3. Keep-up the body warmth
4. Munch foods that is rich in Carbohydrates
5. Carry mineral water bottle.
6. Carry precautionary medicines
7. Body produces more red blood cells to carry oxygen

Altitude Sickness Symptoms 

The Altitude Sickness symptoms are according to the level of climbing like mild, moderate and severe.
1 Headache, dizziness, fatigue, shortness of breath, loss of appetite, nausea, disturbed sleep, and a general feeling of malaise
2 Reduced coordination, severe headache and de-hydration are the symptoms for moderate level.
3 Lack of ability to walk, declining mental status, and liquid build-up in the lungs known as edema.

Altitude Sickness Treatment

The Altitude Sickness treatment is that you should move towards lower altitude as fast as possible. Special care should be taken and don't climb if symptoms occur. Extra oxygen should be given and people with severe mountain sickness should be admitted to a hospital. Acetazolamide (Diamox) is the tested drug for altitude sickness. The mild symptoms will be reduced. Drink plenty of fluids and avoid alcohol while taking drug. Fluid in your lungs should include Oxygen and high blood pressure medicine called nifedipine. Dexamethasone (Decadron) is a steroid drug that helps in saving life. It helps to reduce swelling in the brain. These devices are very helpful if bad weather or other factors make climbing down the mountain impossible.

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