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Ladakh History

History of Leh Ladakh

About Ladakh history, the earliest inhabitants of Ladakh were the Khampa nomads, who domesticated yaks. The first settlement along the Indus river was established by Mons from the region of Kullu and another tribe called the Brokpas, toward the west of Ladakh, originating from Giglit. Gya became the first seat of government of a Mon ruler who was known by the name of Gyapacho.

Around 10th century AD in ladakh history, nomads from Khotan launched a series of bloody invasions in Ladakh. Gyapacho succeeded in repelling the attack of the Khotan nomads with the help of Skilde Nimagon, the decendant Kin Tibet. Gyapocho ceded to him the uninhabited Shey and Thiksey village in return of his help. Nimagon became the first king of Ladakh in ladakh history and chose Shey as the headquarter, and built a fort at Shey. Later he became the king of entire Ladakh region. Skilde Namagon ruled from 975 to 1000 AD. Between 1000 and 1500 AD Ladakh was ruled by succession of kings, who were great patrons of art and architecture. They were responsible for building palaces and promoting religious activities amongst other things.

By the beginning of the 19th century in Ladakh history, the Mughal empire had misshapen, and Sikh rule had been established in Punjab and Kashmir. However the Dogra region of Jammu remained under its Rajput rulers, the greatest of whom was Maharaja Gulab Singh whose General Zorawar Singh entered Ladakh in 1834. King Tshespal Namgyal was deposed and exiled to Stok. Ladakh came under Dogra rule and was integrated into the state of Jammu and Kashmir in 1846. It still upheld substantial independence and connections with Tibet. Throughout the Sino-Sikh war from 1841 to 1842 in history of Ladakh, the Qing Empire attacked on Ladakh and the Sino-Tibetan army was crushed.

History of Ladakh

The Dogras led by Zorawar Singh invaded Ladakh in 1834. King Dorjay Namgyal of Ladakh managed to hold the Dogra army at Mulbek for a few months. Eventually, they had to surrender. Ladakh was placed under the control of Gulab Singh and his Governer. This followed a constant strife by the Ladakhis to regain their freedom in Ladakh history. This bloody period ended with the advent of the British as the paramount power in North India. Ladakh was incorporated in the newly created state of Jammu and Kashmir.

Ladakh History

In the year 1947, during the partition Ladakh became a part of Jammu and Kashmir state in India to administer from Srinagar. In the year 1948, Pakistani invaders captured Ladakh and occupied Zanskar and Kargil, going far to 30km of Leh. Reinforcement help was sent by air and a group of Gurkhas covered south by foot on land. The Kargil was always a sight of hostility in 1965, 1971 and in 1999.

However Ladakhis continued to face difficulties in the new political set-up in

history of Ladakh

. In the wake of discriminatory rule, a Buddhist delegation set of for New Delhi to seek 'Central Administration' for Ladakh separating it from the J & K State. Ladakhi Buddhists launched the unprecedented protest and agitation in July 1989 demanding the Union Territory status for Ladakh in the form of Ladakh Autonomous Hill Development Council (LAHDC).

With an objective of getting ultimate separation from the J & K State and attaining Union territory (UT) status to Ladakh, Ladakh Union Territory Front (LUTF) – a joint group of all the local political parties was formed in the year 2002. But soon in 2004 LUTF witnessed a severe factionalism and the latest political development is the formation of two major political parties – Congress and LUTF besides other parties like National Conference, PDP and few independents.

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